Fox Squirrel Paw Print

 

Fox Squirrel:

Two main things distinguish the Fox Squirrel from the Gray Squirrel: Fox Squirrels are larger, and they have a distinct reddish coloration to their fur and a reddish-yellow belly. Fox Squirrels got their name because their color is similar to a red fox. Their size ranges from 19 - 29 inches (including their tail), and they can weigh from 1-3 pounds. Their lifespan in the wild averages 4 to 7 years.

Generally, fox squirrels spend their entire time in the vicinity of one specific nest tree. They usually cover about 10 acres in their hunt for food, but can branch out and build new nests within a 40 acre radius if other food sources become available. Preferred homes are leafy nests located in tree forks or cavities of older trees. Leaves are good insulation from the winter cold, and provide a warm lining for the babies. A good nest can be constructed in about 12 hours, and if maintained and repaired regularly, can last up to 2-3 years. Fox Squirrels are diurnal - (active during the day), with little naps in between foraging trips. They usually live alone, but litters may stay with mom during the winter.



Fox Squirrel Baby
   

Geographic Range:

Eastern (East of Rockies) United States.

   

Enemies:

Humans, automobiles, dogs, cats, coyotes, foxes, raccoons, owls, hawks, mites, ticks, fleas, worms and other internal parasites. They are prone to the same diseases as the Gray Squirrel.



Fox Squirrels in a bed
   

Environmental Value:

Besides being pretty and fun to watch, Fox Squirrels help restore and nourish the environment, as the forgotten nuts and seeds stored by the squirrels in the ground, may sprout new plants and trees, which provide food and shelter for others.



Fox Squirrel